Published: 2014-04-23 12:00:00 CEST
Stora Enso Oyj
Interim report (Q1 and Q3)

Stora Enso First Quarter Results 2014

Clearly higher operational EBIT due to lower costs

Helsinki, Finland, 2014-04-23 12:00 CEST -- STORA ENSO OYJ INTERIM REVIEW 23 April 2014 at 13.00 EET
 
Q1/2014 (compared with Q1/2013)*

  • Operational EBIT EUR 182 (EUR 118) million, an increase of EUR 64 million and margin of 7.1% (4.4%).
  • Clearly higher operational EBIT due to lower costs and lower depreciation.
  • EPS excluding NRI EUR 0.09 (EUR 0.07).
  • Cash flow from operations EUR 152 (EUR 126) million, cash flow after investing activities EUR 20 (EUR -46) million.
  • Net debt to operational EBITDA 2.8 (3.1), liquidity remained strong at EUR 2.0 (1.8) billion.
     

Q1/2014 (compared with Q4/2013)*

  • Operational EBIT higher at EUR 182 (EUR 152) million, mainly due to seasonally lower maintenance costs, higher production volumes and progress in fixed cost reduction.
  • Operational ROCE 8.6% (7.0%).

 
Transformation

  • Montes del Plata (MdP) Pulp Mill ready for start-up, subject to granting of the operation permit by the local authorities in the coming weeks. In 2014 Stora Enso’s share of MdP’s production expected to be approximately 350 000400 000 tonnes, a reduction from the earlier estimate of half a million tonnes.
  • Consumer board machine investment in Guangxi, China proceeding as planned: approximately 2/3 of mill site levelling work completed, plantation harvesting building up, key equipment selected and equity injected together with IFC into the companies in early April. Board machine expected to be operational in early 2016, as previously announced.

 
Restructuring

  • The EUR 200 million streamlining and structure simplification programme announced a year ago is progressing faster than initially expected and nearly all the originally targeted annualised cost reductions are already apparent in the financial results. Finalisation of the programme is continuing in the second quarter.
  • Veitsiluoto Mill PM 1 has been permanently shut down as planned.
  • As earlier announced, Stora Enso will invest EUR 28 million in modernising and developing Murow Sawmill in Poland to increase its capacity and improve its competitiveness. Sollenau Sawmill in Austria was permanently shutdown at the end of the first quarter as planned.
     

Outlook

  • Second quarter 2014 sales are forecast to be similar to the EUR 2 568 million and operational EBIT in line with the EUR 182 million in the first quarter of 2014. Biomaterials is expected to be negatively impacted by maintenance costs at Veracel and Sunila pulp mills and Renewable Packaging by maintenance at Imatra Pulp Mill and Ostrołęka Mill, where a one-time maintenance shutdown in the Polish national electricity grid will extend the mill maintenance shutdown to two weeks.

 

* Data for the comparative periods have been restated. For further details, see Basis of Preparation on page 12.

Key Figures*

EUR million Q1/14 Q1/13 Change %
Q1/14–
Q1/13
Q4/13 Change %
Q1/14–
Q4/13
2013
Sales 2 568 2 672 -3.9 2 612 -1.7 10 563
Operational EBITDA 302 254 18.9 260 16.2 1 090
Operational EBITDA margin, % 11.8 9.5   10.0   10.3
Operational EBIT 182 118 54.2 152 19.7 578
Operational EBIT margin, % 7.1 4.4   5.8   5.5
Operating profit (IFRS) 195 21 n/m -210 192.9 50
Operating margin (IFRS), % 7.6 0.8   -8.0   0.5
Profit before tax excl. NRI 106 56 89.3 111 -4.5 350
Profit/loss before tax 130 -35 n/m -281 146.3 -189
Net profit/loss for the period 100 -16 n/m -160 162.5 -71
             
Capital expenditure 101 130 -22.3 278 -63.7 760
Depreciation and impairment charges excl. NRI 139 156 -10.9 136 2.2 603
             
Operational ROCE, % 8.6 5.1   7.0   6.5
             
Earnings per share (EPS) excl. NRI, EUR 0.09 0.07   0.15   0.40
EPS (basic), EUR 0.13 -0.02   -0.18   -0.07
Cash earnings per share (CEPS) excl. NRI, EUR 0.27 0.27   0.31   1.16
CEPS, EUR 0.31 0.23   0.46   1.21
             
Return on equity (ROE), % 7.5 -1.1   -11.9   -1.3
Debt/equity ratio 0.60 0.61   0.61   0.61
Net debt/last twelve months’ operational EBITDA 2.8 3.1   2.9   2.9
Equity per share, EUR 6.70 7.32   6.61   6.61
Equity ratio, % 39.7 40.7   39.2   39.2
             
Average number of employees 28 813 28 887 -0.3 28 453 1.3 28 921
Average number of shares (million)            
  periodic 788.6 788.6   788.6   788.6
  cumulative 788.6 788.6   788.6   788.6
  cumulative, diluted 789.6 788.6   788.6   788.6

* Data for the comparative periods have been restated following adoption of the new IFRS 10 Consolidated Financial Statements, IFRS 11 Joint Arrangements and IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interests in Other Entities standards. Data for the comparative periods have been restated in all tables affected. For further details, see Basis of Preparation on page 12.

Operational EBIT comprises the operating profit excluding NRI and fair valuations of the segments and Stora Enso’s share of the operating profit excluding NRI and fair valuations of its equity accounted investments (EAI). Fair valuations and non-operational items include equity incentive schemes, synthetic options net of realised and open hedges, CO2 emission rights and valuations of biological assets and the Group’s share of tax and net financial items of EAI.

NRI = Non-recurring items. These are exceptional transactions that are not related to normal business operations. The most common non-recurring items are capital gains, additional write-downs or reversals of write-downs, provisions for planned restructuring and penalties. Non-recurring items are normally disclosed individually if they exceed one cent per share.

 

Stora Enso Deliveries and Production

  Q1/14 Q1/13 Change %
Q1/14–
Q1/13
Q4/13 Change %
Q1/14–
Q4/13
2013
Paper and board deliveries
(1 000 tonnes)
2 395 2 496 -4.0 2 438 -1.8 9 898
Paper and board production
(1 000 tonnes)
2 458 2 519 -2.4 2 427 1.3 9 911
Wood products deliveries
(1 000 m3)
1 159 1 147 1.0 1 247 -7.1 4 930
Market pulp deliveries
(1 000 tonnes)
310 288 7.6 335 -7.5 1 180
Corrugated packaging deliveries (million m2) 262 260 0.8 277 -5.4 1 086


Reconciliation of Operational Profitability

EUR million Q1/14 Q1/13 Change %
Q1/14–
Q1/13
Q4/13 Change %
Q1/14–
Q4/13
2013
Operational EBITDA 302 254 18.9 260 16.2 1 090
Equity accounted investments (EAI), operational* 19 20 -5.0 28 -32.1 91
Depreciation and impairment excl. NRI -139 -156 10.9 -136 -2.2 -603
Operational EBIT 182 118 54.2 152 19.7 578
Fair valuations and non-operational items** -11 -6 -83.3 30 -136.7 11
Non-recurring items 24 -91 126.4 -392 106.1 -539
Operating Profit (IFRS) 195 21 n/m -210 192.9 50

*     Group’s share of operational EBIT of equity accounted investments (EAI).

**    Fair valuations and non-operational items include equity incentive schemes, synthetic options net of realised and open hedges, CO2 emission rights and valuations of biological assets and Group's share of tax and net financial items of EAI.

 

FIRST QUARTER 2014 RESULTS (compared with first quarter 2013)


Breakdown of Sales Change Q1/2013 to Q1/2014

  Sales
Q1/13, EUR million 2 672
Price and mix, % -
Currency, % -2
Volume, % -
Other sales*, % -1
Total before structural changes, % -3
Structural change**, % -1
Total, % -4
Q1/14, EUR million 2 568

* Wood, energy, paper for recycling, by-products etc.
** Asset closures, major investments, divestments and acquisitions


Sales at EUR 2 568 million were EUR 104 million lower than a year ago as paper product sales continued to decline, partly due to the strengthening euro and the previously announced permanent shutdowns of paper machines at Kvarnsveden and Hylte mills in Sweden. Operational EBIT was EUR 182 (EUR 118) million, an increase of EUR 64 million. Operational EBIT margin was 7.1% (4.4%).

Clearly lower variable costs, especially for wood, chemicals and pulp, improved operational EBIT by EUR 39 million. Sales prices in local currencies were slightly higher than a year ago. Lower volumes, mainly in Printing and Reading, which decreased operational EBIT by EUR 11 million, were offset by EUR 27 million lower fixed costs due to cost improvement and other restructuring actions. The comparative period last year included a EUR 10 million capital gain from land sales in Uruguay and Thailand. Depreciation was EUR 20 million lower, mainly due to fixed asset impairments recorded in the fourth quarter of 2013. Paper and board production was curtailed by 7% (8%) and sawnwood production by 2% (6%) to manage supply.

The average number of employees in the first quarter was 1 710 lower in Europe, excluding the increase of 1 000 people due to the Efora acquisition in 2013, and 640 higher in China than a year earlier. The average number of employees in the first quarter of 2014 was 70 lower than a year earlier at 28 810.

The Group recorded non-recurring items (NRI) with a positive net impact of approximately EUR 24 million on operating profit and a positive impact of approximately EUR 6 million on income tax in its first quarter 2014 results. The NRI are a EUR 44 million capital gain in the segment Other due to disposal of the Group’s 40.24% shareholding in the US-based processed kaolin clay producer Thiele Kaolin Company to Thiele Kaolin Company, a EUR 13 million cost in Building and Living due to the planned permanent closure of Sollenau Sawmill in Austria and a EUR 7 million cost in Printing and Reading due to the permanent shutdown of Veitsiluoto Mill paper machine 1 in Finland.

Net financial expenses at EUR 65 million were EUR 9 million higher than a year ago. Net interest expenses were EUR 4 million lower due to lower debt levels, and the fair valuation of interest rate derivatives had a negative impact of EUR 9 million. The net foreign exchange impact in the first quarter of 2014 in respect of cash, interest-bearing assets and liabilities and related hedges was a loss of EUR 10 (EUR 4) million. A gain of EUR 4 million from the sale of EUR 20 million of subordinated debt from the equity accounted investment Bergvik Skog was recorded in the first quarter of 2014.
 

Breakdown of Capital Employed Change 31 Mar 2013 to 31 Mar 2014

Capital
 Employed
31 Mar 13, EUR million 9 371
Capital expenditure less depreciation -31
Impairments and reversal of impairments -563
Valuation of biological assets 187
Available-for-sale: operative (mainly PVO) -62
Equity accounted investments 76
Net liabilities in defined benefit plans 61
Operative working capital and other interest-free items, net -226
Net tax liabilities 94
Translation difference -366
Other changes -22
31 Mar 14, EUR million 8 519

 

The operational return on capital employed was 8.6% (5.1%). Excluding the ongoing strategic investments in Biomaterials and Renewable Packaging the operational return on capital employed would have been 10.9% (5.8%).
 

 

FIRST QUARTER 2014 RESULTS (compared with fourth quarter 2013)

Sales decreased by EUR 44 million to EUR 2 568 million. Operational EBIT was EUR 30 million higher than in the previous quarter at EUR 182 million. Fixed costs were EUR 42 million lower due to lower maintenance activity, seasonality, and the streamlining and structure simplification programme. Energy costs were seasonally higher due to the winter, and higher variable costs decreased operational EBIT by EUR 30 million. Sales prices remained stable in local currencies, but higher packaging deliveries and paper production than the low levels of the previous quarter increased operational EBIT by EUR 20 million.
 

Capital Structure

EUR million 31 Mar 14 31 Dec 13 31 Mar 13
Operative fixed assets* 6 770 6 824 7 511
Equity accounted investments 980 1 013 980
Operative working capital, net 1 337 1 179 1 640
Non-current interest-free items, net -467 -466 -544
Operating Capital Total 8 620 8 550 9 587
Net tax liabilities -101 -86 -216
Capital Employed 8 519 8 464 9 371
       
Equity attributable to owners of the Parent 5 286 5 213 5 772
Non-controlling interests 68 60 89
Net interest-bearing liabilities 3 165 3 191 3 510
Financing Total 8 519 8 464 9 371

* Operative fixed assets include property, plant and equipment, goodwill, biological assets, emission rights, available-for-sale operative shares and other intangible assets.
 

Financing for First Quarter 2014 (compared with fourth quarter 2013)
Total unutilised committed credit facilities were unchanged at EUR 700 million, and cash and cash equivalents net of overdrafts remained strong at EUR 2 016 million, which is EUR 45 million less than for the previous quarter. In addition, Stora Enso has access to various long-term sources of funding up to EUR 1 100 million.

During the quarter, Stora Enso concluded the long-term external financing for the first phase development of the plantation, board and pulp mill project in Guangxi, China. The USD 460 million funding package is provided under an IFC syndicate loan structure. It comprises a USD 88 million loan with twelve years tenor from IFC and a USD 372 million loan with eight years tenor provided by commercial banks through IFC. The funding package has an average interest rate of approximately LIBOR +2.4%. At the end of the first quarter of 2014 the facility remained fully undrawn.


The ratio of net debt to the last twelve months’ operational EBITDA was 2.8 (2.9).

The debt/equity ratio at 31 March 2014 was 0.60 (0.61).
 

Cash Flow

EUR million Q1/14 Q1/13 Change %
Q1/14–
Q1/13
Q4/13 Change %
Q1/14–
Q4/13
2013
Operational EBITDA 302 254 18.9 260 16.2 1 090
NRI on Operational EBITDA -18 -51 64.7 154 -111.7 37
Dividends received from equity accounted investments - 11 -100.0 18 -100.0 38
Other adjustments 6 -19 131.6 -168 103.6 -178
Change in working capital -138 -69 -100.0 198 -169.7 265
Cash Flow from Operations 152 126 20.6 462 -67.1 1 252
Cash spent on fixed and biological assets -132 -172 23.3 -216 38.9 -740
Acquisitions of equity accounted investments - - - - - -31
Cash Flow after Investing Activities 20 -46 143.5 246 -91.9 481


Cash Flow for First Quarter 2014
First quarter 2014 cash flow from operations was EUR 152 million. Receivables and inventories increased by EUR 120 million and EUR 70 million, respectively. Payables increased by EUR 85 million. Payments relating to the previously announced restructuring provisions were EUR 35 million.

Capital Expenditure for January–March 2014
Additions to fixed and biological assets in the first quarter of 2014 totalled EUR 101 million, which is 73% of depreciation in the same period. Investments in fixed assets and biological assets had a cash outflow impact of EUR 132 million in the first quarter of 2014.

The main projects ongoing during the first quarter 2014 were Montes del Plata Pulp Mill in Uruguay and the board machine project in Guangxi, China.

 

Capital Expenditure, Equity Injections and Depreciation Forecast 2014*

EUR million Forecast 2014
Capital expenditure 760–840
Equity injections 30
Total 790–870
Depreciation 550–580

* Capital expenditure includes approximately EUR 260 million for the project in Guangxi, China and approximately EUR 125 million for Montes del Plata Pulp Mill in Uruguay.

Streamlining and structure simplification programme
The streamlining and structure simplification programme announced a year ago, intended to achieve annual net fixed cost savings of EUR 200 million after compensating for inflation in addition to cost takeout in the second quarter of 2014 versus actual 2012, is progressing faster than initially expected. Nearly all the originally targeted annualised cost reductions are already apparent in the financial results, three months ahead of the target schedule. Finalisation of the programme is continuing in the second quarter.
 

Due to the programme, about 1 850 employees exited by the end of the quarter. The total reduction in the workforce is expected to be 2 200.

Near-term Outlook
Second quarter 2014 sales are forecast to be similar to the EUR 2 568 million and operational EBIT in line with the EUR 182 million in the first quarter of 2014. Biomaterials is expected to be negatively impacted by maintenance costs at Veracel and Sunila pulp mills and Renewable Packaging by maintenance at Imatra Pulp Mill and Ostrołęka Mill, where a one-time maintenance shutdown in the Polish national electricity grid will extend the mill maintenance shutdown to two weeks.

SEGMENTS IN FIRST QUARTER 2014 (compared with first quarter 2013)


Printing and Reading
Printing and Reading, part of the Printing and Living Division, is a world-class responsible supplier of paper from renewable sources for print media and office use. Its wide offering serves publishers, retailers, printing houses, merchants, converters and office suppliers, among others. Printing and Reading produces newsprint, book paper, SC paper, coated paper and office paper.
 

EUR million Q1/14 Q1/13 Change %
Q1/14–
Q1/13
Q4/13 Change %
Q1/14–
Q4/13
2013
Sales 999 1 123 -11.0 1 054 -5.2 4 319
Operational EBITDA 85 72 18.1 86 -1.2 290
Operational EBIT 35 2 n/m 36 -2.8 34
 % of sales 3.5 0.2   3.4   0.8
Operational ROOC, %* 6.8 0.3   6.1   1.4
Paper deliveries, 1 000 t 1 523 1 684 -9.6 1 607 -5.2 6 525
Paper production, 1 000 t 1 580 1 683 -6.1 1 577 0.2 6 501

* Operational ROOC = 100% x Operational EBIT/Average operating capital
 

  • Significantly lower costs and lower depreciation were offset by lower deliveries, partly due to capacity closures.
  • The coated mechanical paper machine PM 1 at Veitsiluoto Mill in Finland has been permanently shut down as planned.
  • Corbehem Mill in France has been at standstill since January 2014. Negotiations with employee representatives and evaluation of the possibility of selling the mill continue.
     

Markets

Product Market Demand Q1/14 compared with
Q1/13
Demand Q1/14 compared with
Q4/13
Price Q1/14 compared with
Q1/13
Price Q1/14 compared with
Q4/13
Paper Europe Slightly weaker Weaker Slightly lower Stable



Biomaterials
Biomaterials offers a variety of pulp grades to meet the demands of paper, board and tissue producers. Pulp made from renewable resources in a sustainable manner is an excellent raw material with many different end uses. Biomaterials comprises mainly plantations, the Group’s joint operations Veracel and Montes del Plata pulp mills, Nordic stand-alone pulp mills, the Pulp Competence Centre and Biorefinery.
 

EUR million** Q1/14 Q1/13 Change %
Q1/14–
Q1/13
Q4/13 Change %
Q1/14–
Q4/13
2013
Sales 263 262 0.4 266 -1.1 1 033
Operational EBITDA 38 42 -9.5 42 -9.5 153
Operational EBIT 21 22 -4.5 24 -12.5 77
 % of sales 8.0 8.4   9.0   7.5
Operational ROOC, %* 4.0 4.2   4.6   3.8
Pulp deliveries, 1 000 t 503 475 5.9 484 3.9 1 864

* Operational ROOC = 100% x Operational EBIT/Average operating capital
** Data for the comparative periods have been restated. For further details, see Basis of Preparation on page 12.

 

  • Deliveries were higher and variable costs clearly lower. The first quarter results in 2013 included income from land sales in Uruguay and Thailand.
  • Montes del Plata (MdP) Pulp Mill is ready for start-up, subject to granting of the operation permit by the local authorities in the coming weeks. In 2014 Stora Enso’s share of MdP’s production is expected to be approximately 350 000–400 000 tonnes, a reduction from the earlier estimate of half a million tonnes.
  • Biomaterials is expected to be negatively impacted in the second quarter 2014 by higher maintenance costs due to maintenance stoppages at Veracel and Sunila pulp mills.


Markets

Product Market Demand Q1/14 compared with
Q1/13
Demand Q1/14 compared with
Q4/13
Price Q1/14 compared with
Q1/13
Price Q1/14 compared with
Q4/13
Softwood pulp Europe Slightly weaker Slightly stronger Higher Slightly higher
Hardwood pulp Europe Slightly weaker Weaker Slightly lower Stable



Building and Living
Building and Living, part of the Printing and Living Division, provides wood-based innovations and solutions for everyday living and housing needs. The product range covers all areas of urban construction, from supporting structures to interior design and environmental construction. Further-processed products include massive wood elements and housing modules, wood components and pellets, in addition to a variety of sawn timber goods.
 

EUR million Q1/14 Q1/13 Change %
Q1/14–
Q1/13
Q4/13 Change %
Q1/14–
Q4/13
2013
Sales 445 441 0.9 466 -4.5 1 867
Operational EBITDA 30 13 130.8 30 - 115
Operational EBIT 20 4 n/m 19 5.3 75
 % of sales 4.5 0.9   4.1   4.0
Operational ROOC, %* 15.3 2.8   14.4   13.9
Deliveries, 1 000 m3 1 116 1 113 0.3 1 203 -7.2 4 776

* Operational ROOC = 100% x Operational EBIT/Average operating capital
 

  • Lower fixed costs and slightly lower net raw material costs were the main reasons behind the significant profit improvement.
  • As announced in February, Stora Enso will invest EUR 28 million in modernising and developing Murow Sawmill in Poland to increase its capacity and improve its competitiveness. Sollenau Sawmill in Austria was permanently shutdown at the end of the first quarter as planned.
     

Markets

Product Market Demand Q1/14 compared with
Q1/13
Demand Q1/14 compared with
Q4/13
Price Q1/14 compared with
Q1/13
Price Q1/14 compared with
Q4/13
Wood products Europe Stronger Slightly weaker Slightly higher Slightly higher

 

Renewable Packaging
Renewable Packaging offers fibre-based packaging materials and innovative packaging solutions for consumer goods and industrial applications. Renewable Packaging operates throughout the value chain, from pulp production to production of materials and packaging, and recycling. It comprises three business units: Consumer Board, Packaging Solutions and Packaging Asia.
 

EUR million Q1/14 Q1/13 Change %
Q1/14–
Q1/13
Q4/13 Change %
Q1/14–
Q4/13
2013
Sales 823 820 0.4 788 4.4 3 272
Operational EBITDA 149 119 25.2 122 22.1 522
Operational EBIT 92 68 35.3 73 26.0 318
 % of sales 11.2 8.3   9.3   9.7
Operational ROOC, %* 15.0 11.4   12.2   13.3
Paper and board deliveries, 1 000 t 872 812 7.4 831 4.9 3 373
Paper and board production, 1 000 t 878 836 5.0 850 3.3 3 410
Corrugated packaging deliveries, million m2 262 260 0.8 277 -5.4 1 086
Corrugated packaging production, million m2 257 258 -0.4 266 -3.4 1 057

* Operational ROOC = 100% x Operational EBIT/Average operating capital
 

  • Higher sales prices in local currencies and clearly lower costs were the main reasons for profit improvement.
  • IFC has agreed to invest in an equity stake of RMB 356 million (EUR 43 million) in Stora Enso’s board and pulp mill project in Guangxi, China, representing a 5% shareholding in the project. IFC contributed the first equity payment in April. Approximately 2/3 of mill site levelling work has been completed, plantation harvesting is building up and key equipment has been selected.
  • There will be annual maintenance stoppages at Ostrołęka Mill and Imatra Pulp Mill during the second quarter of 2014.

 

Markets

Product Market Demand Q1/14 compared with
Q1/13
Demand Q1/14 compared with
Q4/13
Price Q1/14 compared with
Q1/13
Price Q1/14 compared with
Q4/13
Consumer board Europe Stable Slightly stronger Stable Slightly higher
Corrugated packaging Europe Stable Stable Stable Stable



Other
The segment Other includes the Nordic forest equity accounted investments, Stora Enso’s shareholding in Pohjolan Voima, operations supplying wood to the Nordic mills and Group shared services and administration.
 

EUR million Q1/14 Q1/13 Change %
Q1/14–
Q1/13
Q4/13 Change %
Q1/14–
Q4/13
2013
Sales 689 721 -4.4 672 2.5 2 690
Operational EBITDA - 8 -100.0 -20 100.0 10
Operational EBIT 14 22 -36.4 - n/m 74
 % of sales 2.0 3.1   -   2.8

 

  • Operational EBIT decreased due to the divestment of Thiele Kaolin and winding down of the captive insurance company.
     


Short-term Risks and Uncertainties
The main short-term risks and uncertainties relate to the economic situation in Europe, and the persistent imbalance in the European paper market. Potential further EU sanctions on Russia and Russian counter actions due to the situation in Ukraine could have a negative impact on Stora Enso’s operations in Russia, including wood exports.


Energy sensitivity analysis: the direct effect of a 10% increase in electricity, heat, oil and other fossil fuel market prices would have a negative impact of approximately EUR 15 million on operational EBIT for the next twelve months, after the effect of hedges.

Wood sensitivity analysis: the direct effect of a 10% increase in wood prices would have a negative impact of approximately EUR 192 million on operational EBIT for the next twelve months.

Chemicals and fillers sensitivity: the direct effect of a 10% increase in chemical and filler prices would have a negative impact of approximately EUR 52 million on operational EBIT for the next twelve months.

A decrease of energy, wood or chemical and filler prices would have the opposite impact.

Foreign exchange rates sensitivity analysis for the next twelve months: the direct effect on operational EBIT of a 10% strengthening in the value of the US dollar, Swedish krona and British pound against the euro would be about positive EUR 98 million, negative EUR 77 million and positive EUR 48 million annual impact, respectively. Weakening of the currencies would have the opposite impact. These numbers are before the effect of hedges and assuming no changes occur other than a single currency exchange rate movement.


First Quarter Events
In March Stora Enso announced plans to reorganise its Renewable Packaging Division, comprising Consumer Board, Packaging Solutions and Packaging Asia, into three separate businesses reporting to the CEO. The reorganisation is planned to be implemented by 1 July 2014.


Legal Cases

Veracel
On 11 July 2008 Stora Enso announced that a federal judge in Brazil had issued a decision claiming that the permits issued by the State of Bahia for the operations of Stora Enso’s equity accounted investment Veracel were not valid. The judge also ordered Veracel to take certain actions, including reforestation with native trees on part of Veracel’s plantations and a possible BRL 20 million (EUR 7 million) fine. Veracel disputes the decision and has filed an appeal against it. Veracel operates in full compliance with all Brazilian laws and has obtained all the necessary environmental and operating licences for its industrial and forestry activities from the competent authorities. In November 2008 a Federal Court suspended the effects of the decision. Veracel has not recorded any provision for the reforestation or the possible fine.

During construction of Veracel Pulp Mill, a supplier won the international tendering to supply part of the mill. The proposal included an element to make the plant eligible for a Drawback Suspension Tax Benefit which would provide exemptions on imports. One of the conditions of the drawback was that funds used to pay the supplier be raised outside Brazil. At the same time, part of the mill construction was financed locally. Following a tax inspection at the supplier, Federal Tax Authorities issued a tax infraction note against the supplier intended to cancel the drawback benefits. The supplier presented its defence to the Administrative Tax Entity Court and in parallel filed an arbitration proceeding against Veracel to determine which company shall be responsible for any  eventual damages in case the supplier is found guilty. In September 2013 the International Chamber of Commerce Arbitration Court decided that Veracel and the supplier shall share liability for any potential damages in the ratio Veracel 75% and the supplier 25%. This decision was challenged by Veracel in a submission to the Arbitration Court. Nevertheless, the supplier and Veracel entered into a settlement agreement in December 2013, agreeing that the supplier would join a Brazilian authorities’ incentive programme allowing the supplier to end this case and pay the existing debts obtaining significant discounts on interests and fines, of which Veracel paid to the supplier and expensed BRL 45 million (EUR 16 million), of which Stora Enso’s share amounts to BRL 22.5 million (EUR 8 million). In February 2014 the Arbitration Court decided to reject Veracel’s claims. The settlement with the supplier is still subject to formal acceptance of the payment by the Brazilian authorities.

Class Action Lawsuits in USA
In the context of magazine paper sales in the USA in 2002 and 2003, Stora Enso Oyj (SEO) and Stora Enso North America (SENA) were sued in a number of class action (and other civil) lawsuits filed in the USA by various magazine paper purchasers that claimed damages for alleged antitrust violations. In December 2010 a US federal district court granted a motion for summary judgement dismissing the direct purchaser class action claims on SEO and SENA. Following appeal, a federal court of appeals on 6 August 2012 upheld the district court’s ruling as to SEO, but reversed the district court’s ruling as to SENA and referred that part of the case back to the district court for a jury trial to determine whether SENA’s conduct did violate the federal antitrust laws. The trial of the case against SENA was scheduled to begin in August 2013. Because Stora Enso disposed of SENA in 2007, Stora Enso’s liability, if any, would have been determined by the provisions in the SENA Sales and Purchasing Agreement. On 17 July 2013, Stora Enso reached an agreement (which is subject to approval by the US federal district court) to settle the cases filed by the direct magazine paper purchasers without any admission of liability by SENA or SEO. Stora Enso has paid into escrow USD 8 million (EUR 6 million) to cover the cost of settling those claims, which cost has been recorded in the third quarter 2013 accounts. The only remaining cases of any substance, filed on behalf of indirect purchasers of publication paper in the California (CA) and Connecticut (CT) state courts, have been settled as well – without any admission of liability by SENA or SEO – via payments of USD 0.1 million (EUR 0.1 million) plus proportionate cost (CA) and USD 0.1 million (EUR 0.1 million) (CT). These settlements, however, have to be approved by the responsible courts. The cases were disclosed as contingent liability in the previous periods until the third quarter of 2013.

Legal Proceedings in Finland
In December 2009 the Finnish Market Court fined Stora Enso for competition law infringements in the market for roundwood in Finland from 1997 to 2004. Stora Enso did not appeal against the ruling. In March 2011 Metsähallitus of Finland initiated legal proceedings against Stora Enso, UPM and Metsäliitto claiming compensation for damages allegedly suffered due to the competition law infringements. The total claim against all the defendants amounts to approximately EUR 160 million and the secondary claim against Stora Enso to approximately EUR 85 million. In addition, Finnish municipalities and private forest owners initiated similar legal proceedings. The total amount claimed from all the defendants amounts to approximately EUR 45 million and the secondary claims solely against Stora Enso to approximately EUR 10 million. Stora Enso denies that Metsähallitus and other plaintiffs suffered any damages whatsoever and will forcefully defend itself. In March 2014 the Helsinki District Court dismissed 13 private forest owners’ claims as time-barred. No provisions have been made in Stora Enso’s accounts for these lawsuits.

Kemijärvi Pulp Mill in Finland was permanently closed down in 2008. In December 2011 the Vaasa Administrative Court gave its decision concerning the environmental permit for the closure of the mill. The judgement included an obligation to remove the majority of the sludge from the bottom of the water treatment lagoon. Following an appeal by Stora Enso, the Supreme Administrative Court in August 2013 gave its decision concerning the water treatment lagoon in the environmental permit related to the closure of Kemijärvi Pulp Mill. The Court ordered Stora Enso to remove the majority of the sludge, and returned the case to the Regional State Administrative Agency with an order to Stora Enso to deliver a new action plan by the end of 2014 for removal of the majority of the sludge from the basin at the Kemijärvi site. The Agency was also ordered to consider and evaluate the costs to Stora Enso against the environmental benefits achievable if the Agency later orders Stora Enso to remove the sludge. No provisions have been made in Stora Enso’s accounts for this case.

Share Capital
During the quarter the conversion of a total of 25 000 A shares into R shares was recorded in the Finnish trade register on 15 January 2014.

On 31 March 2014 Stora Enso had 177 071 204 A shares and 611 548 783 R shares in issue of which the Company held no A shares or R shares.

This release has been prepared in Finnish, English and Swedish. In case of variations in the content between the versions, the English version shall govern. This report is unaudited.

Helsinki, 23 April 2014
Stora Enso Oyj
Board of Directors
 

FINANCIALS


Basis of Preparation

This unaudited interim financial report has been prepared in accordance with the accounting policies set out in International Accounting Standard 34 on Interim Financial Reporting and in the Group’s Annual Report for 2013.

Effects of Changes to IFRS 11 Joint Arrangements
Stora Enso adopted the new IFRS 10 Consolidated Financial Statements, IFRS 11 Joint Arrangements and IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interests in Other Entities as of 1 January 2014.
 

  • IFRS 10 Consolidated Financial Statements establishes principles for the presentation and preparation of consolidated financial statements when an entity controls one or more other entities. The standard provides additional guidance on the process of determining possible control of an entity, especially in challenging cases.
  • IFRS 11 Joint Arrangements introduces core principles for determining the type of joint arrangement in which the party to the joint arrangement is involved by assessing its rights and obligations and accounts for those rights and obligations in accordance with that type of joint arrangement.
  • IFRS 12 Disclosure of Interests in Other Entities requires the disclosure of information that enables users of financial statements to evaluate the nature of, and risks associated with its interests in other entities as well as the effects of the interests on the financial position, performance and cash flow of the entity.

The changes affect the accounting treatment of Montes del Plata and Veracel, which are now treated as joint operations and thus Stora Enso’s 50% ownership is consolidated with the proportionate line-by-line method. Montes del Plata is controlled jointly with partner Arauco and Veracel is controlled jointly with partner Fibria. Stora Enso’s interpretation is that the contractual arrangements in both joint operations provide the partners with the rights to and obligations of the annual output of the relevant activities and substantially all the economic benefits of the joint operations. Previously these two entities were consolidated using the equity method.

The proportionate line-by-line consolidation of Stora Enso’s 50% ownership of Montes del Plata and Veracel has no effect on published operational EBIT, net profit, equity or earnings per share. The proportionate line-by-line consolidation affects all the primary statements in the consolidated financial statements. The effects are summarised below:
 

  • Increase in operational EBITDA
  • Increase in property, plant and equipment, biological assets and net debt
  • Decrease in equity accounted investments
  • Increase in capital expenditure and decreases in equity injections to equity accounted investments.

 

Historical figures have been restated according to the new IFRS 11 standard and presented in the tables. The restated comparatives were presented in full in a press release on 19 March 2014. Additionally, the Group has revised the presentation of the cash flow statement to reflect better the underlying cash movements. The table below summarises the effects of the IFRS 11 restatement.

 

  Restated   Change   As published
EUR million 2013 2012   2013 2012   2013 2012
Sales 10 563 10 837   19 22   10 544 10 815
Operational EBITDA 1 090 1 154   46 60   1 044 1 094
Operational EBIT 578 630   - -   578 630
Operating profit (IFRS) 50 716   16 15   34 701
Net profit/loss for the period -71 490   - -   -71 490
                 
Capital expenditure 760 1 012   335 456   425 556
Depreciation and impairment charges excl. NRI 603 623   39 40   564 583
                 
Operational ROCE, % 6.5 6.9   -0.6 -0.4   7.1 7.3
Return on equity (ROE), % -1.3 8.3   - -   -1.3 8.3
Debt/equity ratio 0.61 0.58   0.14 0.10   0.47 0.48
Net debt/last twelve months’ operational EBITDA 2.9 2.9   0.6 0.4   2.3 2.5
Equity ratio, % 39.2 41.0   -2.1 -1.8   41.3 42.8
                 
Capital structure                
Operative fixed assets 6 824 7 520   1 590 1 498   5 234 6 022
Equity accounted investments 1 013 941   -948 -1 024   1 961 1 965
Operative working capital, net 1 179 1 526   94 66   1 085 1 460
Non-current interest-free items, net -466 -551   33 60   -499 -611
Operating Capital Total 8 550 9 436   769 600   7 781 8 836
Net tax liabilities -86 -237   -12 -20   -74 -217
Capital Employed 8 464 9 199   757 580   7 707 8 619
                 
Equity attributable to owners of the Parent 5 213 5 770   - -   5 213 5 770
Non-controlling interests 60 92   - -   60 92
Net interest-bearing liabilities 3 191 3 337   757 580   2 434 2 757
Financing Total 8 464 9 199   757 580   7 707 8 619



Other standard changes effective from 1 January 2014:

  • IAS 27 Consolidated and Separate Financial Statements was reissued and consolidation requirements previously stated in IAS 27 Consolidated and Separate Financial Statements have been revised and stated in IFRS 10 Consolidated Financial Statements.
  • IAS 28 Investments in Associates and Joint Ventures supersedes IAS 28 Investments in Associates and provides consequential amendments to the standard in response to the new standard IFRS 11 Joint Arrangements.
  • IAS 36 Impairment of Assets amendment clarifies disclosure requirements related to the recoverable amount of non-financial assets. The clarification might have minor effects on disclosures of Stora Enso.
  • IAS 39 Financial Instruments: Recognition and Measurement amendment clarifies that there is no need to discontinue hedge accounting if a hedging derivative is novated, provided certain criteria are met. This amendment is not relevant to the Group.


All figures in this Interim Review have been rounded to the nearest million, unless otherwise stated.
 

Condensed Consolidated Income Statement*

EUR million Q1/14 Q1/13 Q4/13 2013
Sales 2 568 2 672 2 612 10 563
Other operating income 33 39 34 140
Materials and services -1 573 -1 712 -1 488 -6 550
Freight and sales commissions -237 -259 -235 -982
Personnel expenses -361 -359 -349 -1 390
Other operating expenses -144 -189 -141 -644
Share of results of equity accounted investments 50 25 49 102
Depreciation and impairment -141 -196 -692 -1 189
Operating Profit/Loss 195 21 -210 50
Net financial items -65 -56 -71 -239
Profit/Loss before Tax 130 -35 -281 -189
Income tax -30 19 121 118
Net Profit/Loss for the Period 100 -16 -160 -71
         
         
Attributable to:        
Owners of the Parent 99 -17 -137 -53
Non-controlling interests 1 1 -23 -18
  100 -16 -160 -71
         
Earnings per Share        
Basic earnings per share, EUR 0.13 -0.02 -0.18 -0.07
Diluted earnings per share, EUR 0.13 -0.02 -0.18 -0.07

* Data for the comparative periods have been restated. For further details, see Basis of Preparation on page 12.

 

Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income*

EUR million Q1/14 Q1/13 Q4/13 2013
Net profit/loss for the period 100 -16 -160 -71
         
Other Comprehensive Income        
         
Items that will not be Reclassified to
Profit and Loss
       
Actuarial gains and losses on defined benefit plans - - 76 74
Share of OCI of EAI that will not be reclassified - -1 - -1
Income tax relating to items that will not be reclassified - - -28 -27
  - -1 48 46
         
Items that may be Reclassified Subsequently to Profit and Loss        
Share of OCI of EAI that may be reclassified -3 3 1 13
Currency translation movements on equity net investments (CTA) -4 77 -98 -227
Currency translation movements on non-controlling interests - 3 -2 -6
Net investment hedges 5 -13 17 23
Currency and commodity hedges -9 -11 -5 -26
Available-for-sale financial assets -12 -41 6 -101
Income tax relating to items that may be reclassified - 4 -1 2
  -23 22 -82 -322
         
Total Comprehensive Income 77 5 -194 -347
         
Total Comprehensive Income Attributable to:        
Owners of the Parent 76 1 -169 -323
Non-controlling interests 1 4 -25 -24
  77 5 -194 -347

* Data for the comparative periods have been restated. For further details, see Basis of Preparation on page 12.

 

CTA = Cumulative Translation Adjustment
OCI = Other Comprehensive Income                          
EAI = Equity Accounted Investments

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows*

 

EUR million Q1/14 Q1/13
Cash Flow from Operating Activities    
Operating profit 195 21
Hedging result from OCI 2 -1
Adjustments for non-cash items 95 174
Change in net working capital -138 -69
Cash Flow Generated by Operations 154 125
Net financial items paid -74 -66
Income taxes paid, net -13 -3
Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities 67 56
     
Cash Flow from Investing Activities    
Proceeds from disposal of shares in equity accounted investments 61 -
Proceeds from sale of fixed assets 6 18
Capital expenditure -132 -172
Proceeds from/payments of loan receivables, net 34 2
Net Cash Used in Investing Activities -31 -152
     
Cash Flow from Financing Activities    
Long-term debt, payments -61 -39
Change in short-term borrowings -25 -15
Proceeds from disposal of subsidiary shares 5 -
Dividend to non-controlling interests - -7
Purchase of own shares** -4 -
Net Cash Used in Financing Activities -85 -61
     
Net Decrease in Cash and Cash Equivalents -49 -157
Translation adjustment 4 3
Net cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of period 2 061 1 917
Net Cash and Cash Equivalents at Period End 2 016 1 763
     
Cash and Cash Equivalents at Period End 2 018 1 764
Bank Overdrafts at Period End -2 -1
Net Cash and Cash Equivalents at Period End 2 016 1 763


* Data for the comparative periods have been restated. For further details, see Basis of Preparation on page 12.
** Own shares purchased for the Group’s share award programme. The Group did not hold any own shares at the end of March 2014.



Property, Plant and Equipment, Goodwill, Biological Assets and
Other Intangible Assets

EUR million Q1/14 Q1/13 2013
Carrying value at 1 January 6 442 7 039 7 039
Acquisition of subsidiary companies - - 1
Additions in tangible and intangible assets 87 120 710
Additions in biological assets 14 10 50
Disposals -5 -8 -80
Disposals of subsidiary companies - - -2
Depreciation and impairment -141 -196 -1 189
Valuation of biological assets -1 -3 185
Translation difference and other -18 107 -272
Statement of Financial Position Total 6 378 7 069 6 442

 

Borrowings

EUR million 31 Mar 14 31 Dec 13 31 Mar 13
Bond loans 3 142 3 177 3 415
Loans from credit institutions 1 363 1 398 1 280
Finance lease liabilities 77 77 100
Other non-current liabilities 88 93 243
Non-current Debt including Current Portion 4 670 4 745 5 038
Short-term borrowings 496 510 408
Interest payable 70 93 81
Derivative financial liabilities 141 141 179
Bank overdrafts 2 12 1
Total Interest-bearing Liabilities 5 379 5 501 5 707

 

EUR million Q1/14 2013 Q1/13
Carrying value at 1 January 5 501 5 699 5 699
Proceeds of new long-term debt - 239 -
Repayment of long-term debt -61 -377 -39
Change in short-term borrowings and interest payable -75 101 -13
Change in derivative financial liabilities - -51 -13
Translation differences and other 14 -110 73
Total Interest-bearing Liabilities 5 379 5 501 5 707

 
 

Condensed Consolidated Statement of Financial Position*

EUR million   31 Mar 14 31 Dec 13 31 Mar 13 1 Jan 13
Assets          
           
Non-current Assets          
  PPE, goodwill and other intangible assets O 5 740 5 808 6 573 6 565
  Biological assets O 638 634 496 474
  Emission rights O 47 21 35 30
  Equity accounted investments O 980 1 013 980 941
  Available-for-sale: Interest-bearing I 14 10 100 96
  Available-for-sale: Operative O 345 361 407 451
  Non-current loan receivables I 60 80 137 134
  Deferred tax assets T 212 229 169 143
  Other non-current assets O 85 63 80 85
    8 121 8 219 8 977 8 919
           
Current Assets          
  Inventories O 1 514 1 445 1 610 1 510
  Tax receivables T 14 13 18 18
  Operative receivables O 1 689 1 555 1 851 1 714
  Interest-bearing receivables I 122 147 196 211
  Cash and cash equivalents I 2 018 2 073 1 764 1 921
    5 357 5 233 5 439 5 374
           
Total Assets   13 478 13 452 14 416 14 293
           
Equity and Liabilities          
           
  Owners of the Parent   5 286 5 213 5 772 5 770
  Non-controlling Interests   68 60 89 92
Total Equity   5 354 5 273 5 861 5 862
           
Non-current Liabilities          
 Post-employment benefit provisions O 403 378 470 480
 Other provisions O 127 127 145 145
 Deferred tax liabilities T 302 312 361 358
 Non-current debt I 4 158 4 201 4 832 4 799
 Other non-current operative liabilities O 22 24 9 11
    5 012 5 042 5 817 5 793
Current Liabilities          
 Current portion of non-current debt I 512 544 206 202
 Interest-bearing liabilities I 709 756 669 698
 Operative liabilities O 1 866 1 821 1 821 1 698
 Tax liabilities T 25 16 42 40
    3 112 3 137 2 738 2 638
           
Total Liabilities   8 124 8 179 8 555 8 431
           
Total Equity and Liabilities   13 478 13 452 14 416 14 293

* Data for the comparative periods have been restated. For further details, see Basis of Preparation on page 12.

PPE = Property, Plant and Equipment

Items designated with “O” comprise Operating Capital
Items designated with “I” comprise Interest-bearing Net Liabilities
Items designated with “T” comprise Net Tax Liabilities

 

 

 

Statement of Changes in Equity*
CTA = Cumulative Translation Adjustment                    OCI = Other Comprehensive Income
NCI = Non-controlling Interests                                     EAI = Equity Accounted Investments

 

EUR million Share Capital Share Premium and Reserve Fund Invested Non-Restricted Equity Fund Treasury Shares Fair Valuation Reserve CTA and Net Investment Hedges Retained Earnings Attributable to Owners of the Parent Non-controlling Interests Total
Step Acquisition Revaluation Surplus Available-for-Sale Financial Assets Currency and Commodity Hedges OCI of Equity Accounted Investments
Balance at 31 Dec 2012 1 342 77 633 -10 4 362 12 -34 -10 3 394 5 770 92 5 862
Loss for the period - - - - - - - - - -17 -17 1 -16
OCI before tax - - - - - -41 -11 2 64 - 14 3 17
Income tax relating to components of OCI - - - - - -1 2 - 3 - 4 - 4
Total Comprehensive Income - - - - - -42 -9 2 67 -17 1 4 5
Dividend - - - - - - - - - - - -7 -7
Share-based payments - - - - - - - - - 1 1 - 1
Balance at 31 Mar 2013 1 342 77 633 -10 4 320 3 -32 57 3 378 5 772 89 5 861
Loss for the period - - - - - - - - - -36 -36 -19 -55
OCI before tax - - - - - -60 -15 10 -268 74 -259 -9 -268
Income tax relating to components of OCI - - - - - 2 3 - -7 -27 -29 - -29
Total Comprehensive Income - - - - - -58 -12 10 -275 11 -324 -28 -352
Dividend - - - - - - - - - -237 -237 - -237
Disposals - - - - - - - - - - - -1 -1
Share-based payments - - - - - - - - - 1 1 - 1
NCI transaction in EAI - - - - - - - - - 1 1 - 1
Cancellation of treasury shares - - - 10 - - - - - -10 - - -
Balance at 31 Dec 2013 1 342 77 633 - 4 262 -9 -22 -218 3 144 5 213 60 5 273
Profit for the period - - - - - - - - - 99 99 1 100
OCI before tax - - - - - -12 -9 -3 1 - -23 - -23
Income tax relating to components of OCI - - - - - -1 2 - -1 - - - -
Total Comprehensive Income - - - - - -13 -7 -3 - 99 76 1 77
Disposals - - - - - - - 15 - -15 - 7 7
Purchase of treasury shares - - - -4 - - - - - - -4 - -4
Share-based payments - - - 4 - - - - - -3 1 - 1
Balance at 31 Mar 2014 1 342 77 633 - 4 249 -16 -10 -218 3 225 5 286 68 5 354

* Data for the comparative periods have been restated. For further details, see Basis of Preparation on page 12.

 

Commitments and Contingencies

EUR million 31 Mar 14 31 Dec 13 31 Mar 13
On Own Behalf      
  Mortgages 6 18 6
On Behalf of Equity Accounted Investments      
  Guarantees 18 18 18
On Behalf of Others      
  Guarantees 5 5 5
Other Commitments, Own      
  Operating leases, in next 12 months 70 71 101
  Operating leases, after next 12 months 530 510 552
  Other commitments 5 5 6
Total 634 627 688
       
  Mortgages 6 18 6
  Guarantees 23 23 23
  Operating leases 600 581 653
  Other commitments 5 5 6
Total 634 627 688


Capital commitments
The Group’s direct capital expenditure contracts, excluding acquisitions, amounted to EUR 237 million (compared with EUR 244 million at 31 March 2013 and EUR 142 million at 31 December 2013). These include the Group’s share of direct capital expenditure contracts in joint operations.


Sales by Segment

EUR million Q1/14 2013 Q4/13 Q3/13 Q2/13 Q1/13
Printing and Reading 999 4 319 1 054 1 041 1 101 1 123
Biomaterials 263 1 033 266 239 266 262
Building and Living 445 1 867 466 460 500 441
Renewable Packaging 823 3 272 788 829 835 820
Other 689 2 690 672 612 685 721
Inter-segment sales -651 -2 618 -634 -628 -661 -695
Total 2 568 10 563 2 612 2 553 2 726 2 672


Operational EBIT by Segment

EUR million Q1/14 2013 Q4/13 Q3/13 Q2/13 Q1/13
Printing and Reading 35 34 36 13 -17 2
Biomaterials 21 77 24 17 14 22
Building and Living 20 75 19 24 28 4
Renewable Packaging 92 318 73 100 77 68
Other 14 74 - 30 22 22
Operational EBIT 182 578 152 184 124 118
Fair valuations and non-operational items* -11 11 30 -5 -8 -6
Non-recurring Items 24 -539 -392 -23 -33 -91
Operating Profit/Loss (IFRS) 195 50 -210 156 83 21
Net financial items -65 -239 -71 -53 -59 -56
Profit/Loss before Tax 130 -189 -281 103 24 -35
Income tax expense -30 118 121 -19 -3 19
Net Profit/Loss 100 -71 -160 84 21 -16

* Fair valuations and non-operational items include equity incentive schemes, synthetic options net of realised and open hedges, CO2 emission rights, valuations of biological assets and Group’s share of tax and net financial items of EAI.
 

NRI by Segment

EUR million Q1/14 2013 Q4/13 Q3/13 Q2/13 Q1/13
Printing and Reading -7 -644 -538 8 -30 -84
Biomaterials - 2 -8 -1 11 -
Building and Living -13 -7 - - - -7
Renewable Packaging - 120 144 -28 4 -
Other 44 -10 10 -2 -18 -
NRI on Operating Profit 24 -539 -392 -23 -33 -91
NRI on tax 6 145 114 3 9 19
NRI on Net Profit 30 -394 -278 -20 -24 -72
             
NRI on Net Profit attributable to            
Owners of the Parent 30 -369 -253 -20 -24 -72
Non-controlling interests - -25 -25 - - -
  30 -394 -278 -20 -24 -72



Fair Valuations and Non-operational Items* by Segment

EUR million Q1/14 2013 Q4/13 Q3/13 Q2/13 Q1/13
Printing and Reading -2 2 3 -1 - -
Biomaterials -3 5 13 -4 -2 -2
Building and Living -1 - - - - -
Renewable Packaging 1 -1 - -1 - -
Other -6 5 14 1 -6 -4
FV and Non-operational Items on Operating Profit -11 11 30 -5 -8 -6

* Fair valuations (FV) and non-operational items include equity incentive schemes, synthetic options net of realised and open hedges, CO2 emission rights, valuations of biological assets and Group’s share of tax and net financial items of EAI.


Operating Profit/Loss by Segment

EUR million Q1/14 2013 Q4/13 Q3/13 Q2/13 Q1/13
Printing and Reading 26 -608 -499 20 -47 -82
Biomaterials 18 84 29 12 23 20
Building and Living 6 68 19 24 28 -3
Renewable Packaging 93 437 217 71 81 68
Other 52 69 24 29 -2 18
Operating Profit/Loss (IFRS) 195 50 -210 156 83 21
Net financial items -65 -239 -71 -53 -59 -56
Profit/Loss before Tax 130 -189 -281 103 24 -35
Income tax expense -30 118 121 -19 -3 19
Net Profit/Loss 100 -71 -160 84 21 -16

 

 

Key Exchange Rates for the Euro

One Euro is Closing Rate Average Rate
  31 Mar 14 31 Dec 13 31 Mar 14 31 Dec 13
SEK 8.9483 8.8591 8.8575 8.6505
USD 1.3788 1.3791 1.3697 1.3281
GBP 0.8282 0.8337 0.8278 0.8493



Transaction Risk and Hedges in Main Currencies as at 31 March 2014

EUR million USD SEK GBP
Estimated annual net operating cash flow exposure 980 -770 480
Transaction hedges as at 31 Mar 2014 -450 400 -230
Hedging percentage as at 31 Mar 2014 for the next 12 months 46% 52% 48%

Additional GBP hedge for 13–15 months increases the hedging percentage by 5%.



Changes in Exchange Rates on Operational EBIT

Operational EBIT: Currency Strengthening of + 10% EUR million
USD 98
SEK -77
GBP 48

The sensitivity is based on estimated next 12 months net operating cash flow. The calculation does not take into account currency hedges, and assumes no changes occur other than a single currency exchange rate movement. Weakening would have the opposite impact.
 

 

Fair Values of Financial Instruments
The Group uses the following hierarchy for determining and disclosing the fair value of financial instruments by valuation technique:

• Level 1: quoted (unadjusted) prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities;

• Level 2: other techniques for which all inputs which have a significant effect on the recorded fair value are observable, either directly or indirectly;

• Level 3: techniques which use inputs which have a significant effect on the recorded fair values that are not based on observable market data.

The valuation techniques are described in more detail in the Financial Statements.


Carrying Amounts of Financial Assets and Liabilities by Measurement and Fair Value Categories: 31 March 2014

EUR million Loans and
Receivables
Financial Items
at Fair Value
through Income
Statement
Hedging
Derivatives
Available-
for-Sale
Financial
Assets
Carrying
Amounts
Fair Value
Financial Assets            
Available-for-sale - - - 359 359 359
Non-current loan receivables 60 - - - 60 62
Trade and other operative receivables 1 382 1 - - 1 383 1 383
Interest-bearing receivables 14 80 28 - 122 122
Current investments and cash 2 018 - - - 2 018 2 018
Carrying Amount by Category 3 474 81 28 359 3 942 3 944

 

EUR million   Financial Items
at Fair Value
through Income
Statement
Hedging
Derivatives
Measured at
Amortised
Cost
Carrying
Amounts
Fair Value
Financial Liabilities            
Non-current debt   - 5 4 153 4 158 4 367
Current portion of non-current debt   - - 512 512 512
Interest-bearing liabilities   99 42 566 707 707
Trade and other operative payables   - - 1 419 1 419 1 419
Bank overdrafts   - - 2 2 2
Carrying Amount by Category   99 47 6 652 6 798 7 007
             
EUR million Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Total    
Derivative Financial Assets - 109 - 109    
Available-for-sale Financial Assets 14 - 345 359    
Derivative Financial Liabilities - 146 - 146    

 

Carrying Amounts of Financial Assets and Liabilities by Measurement and Fair Value Categories: 31 December 2013

EUR million Loans and
Receivables
Financial Items at Fair Value through Income Statement Hedging Derivatives Available-for-Sale Financial Assets Carrying Amounts Fair Value
Financial Assets            
Available-for-sale - - - 371 371 371
Non-current loan receivables 80 - - - 80 82
Trade and other operative receivables 1 260 2 - - 1 262 1 262
Interest-bearing receivables 31 83 33 - 147 147
Current investments and cash 2 073 - - - 2 073 2 073
Carrying Amount by Category 3 444 85 33 371 3 933 3 935

 

EUR million   Financial Items at Fair Value through Income Statement Hedging Derivatives Measured at Amortised Cost Carrying Amounts Fair Value
Financial Liabilities            
Non-current debt   - 4 4 197 4 201 4 400
Current portion of non-current debt   - - 544 544 544
Interest-bearing liabilities   101 39 604 744 744
Trade and other operative payables   - - 1 371 1 371 1 371
Bank overdrafts   - - 12 12 12
Carrying Amount by Category   101 43 6 728 6 872 7 071
             
EUR million Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Total    
Derivative Financial Assets - 118 - 118    
Available-for-sale Financial Assets 10 - 361 371    
Derivative Financial Liabilities - 144 - 144    

 

Reconciliation of Level 3 Fair Value Measurement of Financial Assets: 31 March 2014

EUR million Unlisted Shares Unlisted Interest-bearing Securities Total
Opening balance at 1 January 2014 361 - 361
Interest capitalised - - -
Gains/losses recognised in income statement - - -
Gains in OCI transferred to income statement - - -
Losses recognised in other comprehensive income -16 - -16
Additions - - -
Disposals - - -
Closing Balance at 31 March 2014 345 - 345

 

 

Reconciliation of Level 3 Fair Value Measurement of Financial Assets: 31 December 2013

EUR million Unlisted Shares Unlisted Interest-bearing Securities Total
Opening balance at 1 January 2013 451 90 541
Interest capitalised - 9 9
Gains (losses) recognised in income statement 1 2 3
Gains in OCI transferred to income statement - -7 -7
Losses recognised in other comprehensive income -97 - -97
Additions 9 - 9
Disposals -3 -94 -97
Closing Balance at 31 December 2013 361 - 361

 


Unlisted shares
The unlisted shares consist mainly of PVO shares for which the valuation method is described in more detail in the Annual Report. The valuation is most sensitive to changes in electricity prices and discount rates. The discount rate of 4.66% used in the valuation model is determined using the weighted average cost of capital method. A +/- 5% change in the electricity price used in the DCF would change the valuation by +/- EUR 34 million and a +/- 1% change in the discount rate would change the valuation by -/+ EUR 26 million.


Stora Enso Shares

Trading volume Helsinki Stockholm
  A share R share A share R share
January 152 937 67 834 472 263 738 23 080 578
February 194 602 97 734 588 239 718 38 293 050
March 165 392 61 344 424 243 333 21 003 625
Total 512 931 226 913 484 746 789 82 377 253

Closing Price
Helsinki, EUR Stockholm, SEK
  A share R share A share R share
January 7.00 6.94 63.20 61.05
February 8.35 8.26 73.20 72.85
March 7.72 7.77 69.90 69.35

  

Calculation of Key Figures
 

Operational return on capital employed, operational ROCE (%) 100  x Operational EBIT
Capital employed1) 2)
Operational return on operating capital, operational ROOC (%) 100  x Operational EBIT  
Operating capital1) 2)
Return on equity, ROE (%) 100  x Profit before tax and non-controlling items – taxes
Total equity2)
Equity ratio (%) 100  x Total equity
Total assets
Interest-bearing net liabilities   Interest-bearing liabilities – interest-bearing assets
Debt/equity ratio   Interest-bearing net liabilities
Equity 3)
CEPS                                                     Fixed asset          Fair valuation
                                                  depreciation         of biological
Net profit/loss for the period3) – and impairment – assets  
Average number of shares
EPS   Net profit/loss for the period3)
Average number of shares
Operational EBIT   Operating profit/loss excluding NRI and fair valuations of the segments and Stora Enso’s share of operating profit/loss excluding NRI and fair valuations of its equity accounted investments (EAI)
Operational EBITDA   Operating profit/loss excluding fixed asset depreciation and impairment, share of results of equity accounted investments, NRI and fair valuations
Net debt to operational EBITDA ratio   Interest-bearing net liabilities
Operational EBITDA
Last twelve months (LTM)   Twelve months preceding the reporting date

1) Capital employed = Operating capital – Net tax liabilities
2) Average for the financial period
3) Attributable to owners of the Parent



For further information, please contact:
Seppo Parvi, CFO, tel. +358 2046 21205
Ulla Paajanen-Sainio, SVP, Investor Relations, tel. +358 2046 21242
Hanne Karrinaho, Head of Global Communications, tel. +358 2046 21446


Stora Enso’s second quarter 2014 results will be published on 21 July 2014.
 

 

WEBCAST AND CONFERENCE CALL FOR ANALYSTS AND INVESTORS
CEO Jouko Karvinen, CFO Seppo Parvi and SVP Investor Relations Ulla Paajanen-Sainio will be hosting a combined conference call and webcast today at 14.30 Finnish time (13.30 CET, 12.30 UK time, 07.30 EDT).

If you wish to participate, please dial:

UK +44(0)20 7138 0815
Finland +358 (0)9 6937 9590
Sweden +46 (0)8 5065 3938
US +1 212 444 0895
Confirmation Code: 2512216


The live webcast may be accessed at http://www.media-server.com/m/p/2k65q9d7


Stora Enso is the global rethinker of the paper, biomaterials, wood products and packaging industry. We always rethink the old and expand to the new to offer our customers innovative solutions based on renewable materials. Stora Enso employs some 29 000 people worldwide, and our sales in 2013 amounted to EUR 10.6 billion. Stora Enso shares are listed on NASDAQ OMX Helsinki (STEAV, STERV) and Stockholm (STE A, STE R). In addition, the shares are traded in the USA as ADRs (SEOAY) in the International OTCQX over-the-counter market.

It should be noted that certain statements herein which are not historical facts, including, without limitation those regarding expectations for market growth and developments; expectations for growth and profitability; and statements preceded by “believes”, “expects”, “anticipates”, “foresees”, or similar expressions, are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the United States Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Since these statements are based on current plans, estimates and projections, they involve risks and uncertainties, which may cause actual results to materially differ from those expressed in such forward-looking statements. Such factors include, but are not limited to: (1) operating factors such as continued success of manufacturing activities and the achievement of efficiencies therein, continued success of product development, acceptance of new products or services by the Group’s targeted customers, success of the existing and future collaboration arrangements, changes in business strategy or development plans or targets, changes in the degree of protection created by the Group’s patents and other intellectual property rights, the availability of capital on acceptable terms; (2) industry conditions, such as strength of product demand, intensity of competition, prevailing and future global market prices for the Group’s products and the pricing pressures thereto, price fluctuations in raw materials, financial condition of the customers and the competitors of the Group, the potential introduction of competing products and technologies by competitors; and (3) general economic conditions, such as rates of economic growth in the Group’s principal geographic markets or fluctuations in exchange and interest rates.


www.storaenso.com
www.storaenso.com/investors

STORA ENSO OYJ

 


0423_E_RESULTS_Q1.pdf